Ashley Gang Exhibit Lands at Elliott Museum

The Hutchinson Island museum's permanent exhibit chronicles the origins and crimes of Martin County's infamous Ashley Gang

Chief of Police Floyd Tyson (on motorcycle), Leroy Ricou, Bank President John E. Taylor and Postmaster E. J. Ricou
Chief of Police Floyd Tyson (on motorcycle), Leroy Ricou, Bank President John E. Taylor and Postmaster E. J. Ricou

For years, Floridians have been fascinated by the exploits of the Ashley Gang, a group of infamous outlaws led by John Ashley in the 1910s and 1920s. The Elliott Museum on Hutchinson Island will shine a light on this fascination in “Notorious Ashley Gang—The Making of a Legend,” a permanent exhibit featuring various artifacts and photos that chronicle their lives of crime. The exhibition debuted with an opening reception on Thursday, January 20, with guided tours by local historian Steve Carr. Admission is free to members and $5 to the public.

Patriarch Joe Ashley and his wife, Lugenia, lived in Fruita between Stuart and Hobe Sound. They raised five boys and four girls on their family homestead and were well respected in the community. However, during Prohibition, the family expanded its business enterprises to make and sell moonshine to make ends meet. The Ashley boys also engaged in the dangerous endeavor of rum running from The Bahamas. This put them on the wrong side of the law with Palm Beach County Sheriff Bob Baker (then an included territory that later became Martin County).

The Notorious Ashley Gang
The Notorious Ashley Gang

John Ashley began to rob banks and trains with other family members and outsiders, becoming known as the Ashley Gang. The gang engaged in one of its first crimes in 1915 with a bank heist in Stuart and ended up robbing the Bank of Stuart twice. Although there are only three known bank robberies orchestrated by the gang, every unsolved crime in South Florida was attributed to them.

John and three of the members’ lives came to an end on November 1, 1924, when the gang was captured and shot by Indian River County deputies on the Sebastian River Bridge.
“The Ashley Gang’s intriguing saga is filled with so many complex details that it is still being researched and discussed today as a significant piece of Martin County’s rich history,” said Rob Steele, president and CEO of the Historical Society of Martin County, which operates the Elliott Museum. “2024 will be the 100th anniversary of their deaths, yet the legendary exploits of the Ashley Gang still captivate history lovers, and all who love an exciting story.”


The Elliott Museum is open seven days a week from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. For more information, visit the website or call the Elliott Museum at 772-225-1961.

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